Determination of the Number of Times to Wash Each Part
Determination of the Number of Times to Wash Each Part

Book:

The Book of Ritual Purification (Tahara) - كتاب الطهارة من الحدث.

Chapter:

Acts of Wudu'

Topic/Issue:10 - Determination of the Number of Times to Wash Each Part -- الأعداد
Agreement:Jurists agreed that each washable limb must be washed only once, in order, soaking it with water. They also agreed that washing those limbs twice or thrice was recommended due to the narrations of the Prophet indicating he did all of them, and also because ayah 5:6 does not mandate washing more than once.
Opinions:
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
Hanafi and MalikWiping head once is enough
ShafiWipe head 3 timesIt is recommended to wipe it 3 times if all other parts were wiped 3 times based on an aahaad narration.
Disagreement
Reasons:

The differed on the following regarding the head:

  1. If it was recommended to wipe the head more than once
  2. Renewing the water to wipe the head
  3. Where to begin when wiping the head

Reasons for Disagreement

  • Wiping the head more than once or not?
    • ash-Shafi’ee said it was recommended to wipe it 3 times if all other parts were wiped 3 times based on an aahaad narration.
    • Others used the many other narrations stating the Prophet wiped once when wiping 3 times for their own opinion.
  • Renewing the water to wipe the head
    • Majority of jurists made it obligatory to renew the water when wiping the head, based on the analogy of doing so for other limbs, others did not see that analogy and did not obligate it.
  • Where to begin
    • Some said it was recommended to start with the forehead, wipe all the way to the nape of the neck, and then bring it back to the start based on the narration of ‘AbdAllah ibn Zayd ath-Thaabit.
    • Others said to start at the back of the neck and move to the forward, based on the narration of al-Rubayyi’ bint Mu’awwidh (not in Bukhari & Muslim).
  • Sometimes it means “portion of”: Those who took this meaning obligated wiping only part of the head, and said that the narration of Muslim was ambiguous, as it could be the front of the head only or the back of the head only.
  • Evidences :1 - Quran [5:6], 2 - Sahih Bukhari [# 186], 3 - Sahih Muslim [# 455] [Hide/Show]
    Tags :Worship,Purification, Tahara, Wudu',Head, Mash, Wipe
    See Also:The Acts of Ablution
    References:1[pg:7-8] [Hide/Show]
    Last Updated:2010-03-22

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