Issue 4:Prounouncing the Tasmiya
Issue 4:Prounouncing the Tasmiya

Book:

The Book of Prayer - كتاب الصلاة.

Chapter:

The Paryer of an Individual (Resident, Secure, Good Health)

Section:The Words used in Prayer
Topic/Issue:1304 - Issue 4:Prounouncing the Tasmiya --
Opinions:
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
Imam MalikIt is NOT allowed in obligatory prayer whether loudly or inaudibly, at the beginning of the umm al- Quran or any other sura, but he permitted it with supererogatory prayers. Narration of Ibn Mughaffal and narration of Anas. Abu Umar said that in some versions he states: "Following the Prophet (God's peace and blessings be upon him) and he did not recite it ".
Imam Shafi\'iIt is to be pronounced aloud in case of audible recitation and in a whisper in case of the inaudible.Narration of Nuaym ibn Abd Allah and Ibn Abbas and Umm Salama


They deemed it a verse of the umm al -Kitab (Fatiha) and hence made its recitation obligatory because of the obligation to recite the umm al -Kitab in their view

Abu Umar ibn Abd al-Barr said that Ibn Mughaffal is an unknown narrator. In regards to the narration of Anas, Abu Umar said that the traditionists are of the view that the narrations of this tradition are confused, and it cannot be adduced as a persuasive evidence. The reason is that in one instance it has been related through a chain that can be traced back to the Prophet (God's peace and blessings be upon him) (marfu9, and on another occasion the chain did not extend to him, while some versions mention Uthman and others do not. Some of its versions say that they used to recite it, while others say they did not. Some other versions say that they did not pronounce the basmala loudly.
Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Ahmad, Abu ThawrIt is to be pronounced inaudibly in each raka\' with the umm al-Qur\'an (Fatiha).
Disagreement
Reasons:
The two factors of disagreement.First is the conflict of tradition on the topic, while teh seconds relates to the dispute whether basmala is a verse of fatihat al-Kitab (or also of each sura).
Evidences :Hadith of Ibn Mughaffal, Hadith of Anas, Hadith of Nuaym ibn Abd Allah, Hadith of Ibn Abbas, Hadith of Umm Salama [Hide/Show]
Tags :Worship, Salah, Prayer, Resident, Individual, Tasmiya, Basmala
See Also:Issue 1: Takbir
Issue 2: The words of Takbir
Issue 3: The Post-Takbir words
Issue 5:Prayer without recitation
Recitation of the Qur'aan while bowing or prostrating
Issue 7:Obligation to recite tashahud
Issue 8:Salutation concluding prayer
Issue 9:Supplication (qunut)
References:1[pg:136-138]
Last Updated:2011-04-17

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