Persons permitted to undertake Tayammum
Persons permitted to undertake Tayammum

Book:

The Book of Ritual Purification (Tahara) - كتاب الطهارة من الحدث.

Chapter:

Book of Tayammum

Topic/Issue:152 - Persons permitted to undertake Tayammum --
Agreement:They all agreed about sick and traveller, when there a lack of water, can perform tayammum
Opinions:
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
Imam Malik, Imam ShafiTayammum is permissible for healthy resident who lacks water.Pronoun in the words "And ye find not water" refers to all kinds of persons in the state of hadath (travelers and residents)
Imam Abu HanifaTayammum is not permissible for healthy resident even if there is lack of water.Pronoun in the words "And ye find not water" refers to only travelers or to travelers and sick only.
SubIssue: Sick person who can find water but is afraid to use it
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
MajorityTayammum is permitted to himIn the verse , there is an implied addition and the text means, "And if we are sick, not able to use water.." and also the pronoun in "And if ye are sick or on a journey", refers to the traveler alone
They also based on the tradition of Jabir about the wounded person, who bathed and died, and the prophet (SAW) permitted mash for such a person saying, "They killed him, woe to them.."
Others:
AtaSick person can't do tayammum if he can find waterThere is no implied addition in the verse , and the pronoun ye in "And if we are sick, not able to use water.." refers to both traveler and sick.
SubIssue: Healthy person who is afraid to use water
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
One GroupPermittedAnalogy with sick person who cant use water. Also based on narration from Amr ibn al-As
Another GroupNot PermittedCant make analogy
Disagreement
Reasons:
Their disagreement about the person who is afraid to go out and reach water is cause by their dispute over its analogy drawn from the person who can't find water.Similarly for the case of person who is afraid of using extremely cold water, is based on if analogy from sick person who is afraid to use water can be drawn
Last Updated:2010-06-05

<< Back to List of Issues
Please Help Us Spread the Word. Press LIKE.