The occasions for the prostrations of forgetfulness

Book:

The Book of Prayer - كتاب الصلاة.

Chapter:

Prostrations of Forgetfulness

Topic/Issue:1852 - The occasions for the prostrations of forgetfulness
Agreement:The five cases in which forgetfulness is associated with the Messenger of Allah (Gods peace and blessings be upon him) are: first, when he stood up after praying two rakas as in the tradition of Buhayna; second, when he made the salutation after praying two rakas, as recorded in the tradition of Dhu al- Yadayn; third, when he prayed five rakas, according to what is in the tradition of Ibn Umar, which is recorded by Muslim and al- Bukhari; fourth, when he made the salutation after praying three rakas according to the tradition of (Imran ibn al- Husayn); fifth, the prostrations on account of doubt according to what is in the tradition of Abu Said
Opinions:
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
Imam ShafiThe occasion for the prostrations of forgetfulness is always immediately before the salutationPreferred the Ibn Buhayna narration. They argued for this on the basis of narration from Abu Saeed. They said that in this are prostrations for an excess before the salutation, for it is possible for a fifth to occur. They also argued on the basis of what is narrated from Ibn Shihab
Imam Abu HanifaThe occasion for them is always after the salutationThey the tradition of Dhul al- Yadayn. They argued for the preference of this tradition that the tradition of Ibn Buhayna had been opposed by the tradition of Mughira ibn Shuba
They also argued for it on the basis of the authentic tradition of Ibn Masud
Imam MalikThey made a distinction saying that if the prostrations are on account of a deficiency their occasion is before the salutation, but if they are on account of excess their occasion is after the salutationThey adopted the method of reconciliation said that these traditions do not contradict each other, as the prostrations in them that are after the salutation are due to excess, and the prostrations before salutation are due to deficiency; thus it is obligatory that the hukm of the prostrations in the remaining cases be like these cases. They said that this (reconciliation) is preferable to interpreting the traditions as being in conflict.
Imam AhmadThe prostrations are made before the salutation for the occasions on which the Messenger of Allah (God's peace and blessings be upon him) prostrated before the salutation and they are made after the salutation for occasions on which the Messenger of Allah (God's peace and blessings be upon him) prostrated after the salutation. Those that are besides these occasions for them the prostrations arThey adopted the method of reconciliation as well as preference said that prostrations are to be made in cases in which the Messenger of Allah (Gods peace and blessings be upon him) made the prostrations and in a manner in which he made them, for this is the hukm of those cases. The occasions on which the Messenger of Allah did not make the prostrations, the hukm for them is that of prostrations prior to the salutation.
Others:
ZahiritesThe prostrations are to be made only for the five occasions on which the Messenger of Allah (God's peace and blessings be upon him) made them. Besides these cases, if the omission was for something obligatory he has to make them, but if they are recommended the person is under no obligation.They did not understand from these cases a hukm existing outside of these cases, confined their hukm to the cases of their occurrence; thus they confined the prostrations in these cases to these cases alone
Disagreement
Reasons:
The reason for their disagreement stems from the established fact that the Prophet (God's peace and blessings be upon him) made prostrations at times before salutation and at others after it
Evidences :Hadith of Buhayna, Hadith of Abu Huraira, Hadith of Abu Saeed, Hadith of Ibn Shihab, Hadith of Mughira ibn Shuba, Hadith of Ibn Masud [Hide/Show]
Tags :Worship, Salah, Prayer, prostration of forgetfullness,forget,occasion,sahu,before,after
See Also:Hukum - Obligation or Sunnah
References:1[pg:217]
Last Updated:2011-01-16

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