The Book of Prayer - كتاب الصلاة.


Discussion of Witr Prayer

Topic/Issue:1901 - Description
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
Imam MalikHe preferred that it be offered as three raktas of witr, separated with a salutationImam Malik relied on the argument that the Prophet (Gods peace and blessings be upon him) never observed witr unless it followed an even number (of rakas). He, therefore, held that this was the sunna of witr and that the minimum in this is two rakas. Witr, in his view, may in fact be a single raka preceded by an even number of rakas, or that witr, which is prescribed has to include an even number along with it

This opinion is supported by the tradition of Abd Allah ibn Qays, which describes witr prayers as comprising an even number of rakas and then an odd number.
Imam Abu HanifaWitr consists of three raktas without any separation between them by means of the salutationNarration of Ibn Umar.
When one thing is compared with another and the hukm of both is made the same, it is appropriate that the things compared have the same description, thus, when maghrib is compared with the witr of the prayers of the day and as maghrib consists of three it follows that the witr of the night be also three.
Imam ShafiWitr is a single rakaUsing the Narrations from Ibn Umar(RA) and of Aisha (RA)
Ibn RushdComments on Imam Maliks opinionIt is also possible to say that it is not a condition for the witr to be preceded by an even number of rakas. Muslim has recorded that the Prophet (Gods peace and blessings be upon him) used to wake Aisha up for her witr prayer when he had prayed up to the point of the witr. The apparent meaning of this is that she used to observe witr without it having been preceded by an even number. He (Muslim) has also recorded a tradition from Aisha
Evidences :Hadith of Aisha, Hadith of Ibn Umar, Hadith of Aisha, Hadith of Abu Ayub Ansari, Hadith of Abd Abdullah ibn Qays, Hadith of Ibn Umar, Hadith of Aisha [Hide/Show]
Tags :Worship, Salah, Prayer, Witar, three, odd, single
Last Updated:2011-01-22

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