Praying while Jama is going on

Book:

The Book of Prayer - كتاب الصلاة.

Chapter:

The two Rakas of the Morning Prayer

Topic/Issue:1911 - Praying while Jama is going on
Opinions:
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
Imam MalikIf he enters the mosque and the obligatory prayer is being performed, then he is to pray with the imam and not to offer the two rakas in the mosque (when the imam is observing the obligatory prayer). If, however, he has not entered the mosque and he does not fear losing a raka with the imam, he may offer the two rakas outside the mosque, but if he is afraid of losing a raka he should pray witRestricted the meaning of the hadith to apply to praying inside the mosque permitted praying outside the mosque as long as the obligation is not lost
The underlying meaning is the offering of two prayers at the same time as that would amount to going against the imam, based on the narration of Abu Salama
For their disagreement with Imam Abu Hanifa, they said that by losing a raka of the obligatory prayer the credit for the prayer with the congregation is lost. "He who has caught a raka of a prayer has caught the prayer " applies to a person who has missed the obligatory prayer intentionally. He therefore held that if he misses a single raka from it he loses its merit.
Imam Abu HanifaHe agreed with Imam Malik in making the distinction between the case of a person having entered the mosque or not vet having done so, but he went against him in the detailed ruling. He said that the person may pray outside the mosque as long as he thinks that he will be able to offer one raka of the morning prayer with the imamRestricted the meaning of hadith to apply to praying inside the mosque permitted praying outside the mosque as long as part of the obligation is not lost.
The underlying meaning is the offering of two prayers at the same time as that would amount to going against the imam, based on the narration of Abu Salama
For the difference with Imam Malik, they said that he secures the merit (of the congregation) as long he prays even a single raka of the obligatory prayer (with the imam) because of the words of the Prophet (Gods peace and blessings be upon him), "He who has caught a raka of a prayer has caught the prayer ", that is, he secures its merit.
Imam ShafiIf the prescribed prayer has commenced he is not to offer the two rakcas inside or outside the mosqueAdopted the general implication of this tradition "If the prayer has commenced, then, there is no other prayer but the one prescribed"

The underlying meaning (ilia) of the proscription is the occupation with supererogatory prayers to the neglect of the obligatory prayers because of the words of the Prophet (Gods peace and blessings be upon him), "He who has caught a raea of a prayer has caught the prayer ", that is, he secures its merit.
Disagreement
Reasons:
The reason for their disagreement arises from their dispute over the meaning of the words of the Prophet (Gods peace and blessings be upon him), "If the prayer has commenced, then, there is no other prayer but the one prescribed"
Evidences :Hadith of Abu Salama [Hide/Show]
Tags :Worship, Salah, Prayer, Fajar, two sunnah
References:1[pg:233]
Last Updated:2011-01-22

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