The Book of Prayer - كتاب الصلاة.


Prostrations of the Quran

Topic/Issue:1951 - Hukum
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
Imam Abu HanifaObligatoryThe words 19:58 are to be understood in their apparent meaning of obligation
Abu Hanifa, relied in this on the argument that the principle is to construe the commands as implying an obligation, and also those reports that amount to commands.
Imam Malik,Imam ShafiSunna, not obligatoryThey followed the (interpretation of) the Companions, for they were the ones best grounded in the meaning of the commands of law. Thus, it has been established that Umar ibn al- Khaltaab recited surat al-Sajda on a Friday. He descended (from the pulpit) and made a prostration, and the people prostrated with him. On the next Friday, he recited it again and the people prepared for the prostrations, so he said, "Wait! Wait! Allah has not prescribed it for us, unless we want to do it ". They said that this occurred in the presence of the Companions, and no disagreement was transmitted from any of them.

The disciples of al- Shafi argued on the basis of the tradition of Zayd ibn al-Thibit They also argue on what is related from Ibn Abbas

Abu al -Malli has said that the argument of Abu Hanifa on the basis of the prescribed commands has no validity, as the absolute obligation of prostrations does not imply their obligation in a qualified sense at the time of recitation, that is,the recitation of the verses of prostration. He said that had the position been as is believed by Abu Hanifa, prayer would have become obligatory on the recitation of the verses that contain the commands for prayer, and as this is not obligatory the prostrations too are not obligatory upon recitation of the verses in which the commands for prostration have been laid down
Evidences :1 - Quran [19:58], Hadith of Zaid ibn Al Thabit, 3 - Sunan Abi Dawud [# 1398] [Hide/Show]
Tags :Worship, Salah, Prayer,Prostration, Quran, hukum,obligatory
Last Updated:2011-01-27

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