Removal of impurities with things other than water and for objects other than the outlets
Removal of impurities with things other than water and for objects other than the outlets

Book:

The Book of Ritual Purification (Tahara) - كتاب الطهارة من الحدث.

Chapter:

Book of Removal of Impurities

Section:The means of Removal
Topic/Issue:198 - Removal of impurities with things other than water and for objects other than the outlets --
Agreement:The Muslim jurists agreed that clean purifying water removes impurities. They also agreed that stones can remove impurities from the two outlets
Opinions:
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
Imam Abu HanifaAnything clean can remove impurities whether it is a fluid or a solid, and whatever the affected object.The purpose of removing impurities with water is only the destruction of the essence of the impurity, hence other things destroying the essence would be deemed equivalent to water This meaning is supported by the agreement of removal of impurities from the outlets with things other than water and hadith of Umm Salama and this other hadith
Imam Malik, Imam ShafiImpurities can't be removed by things other than water, except for stonesThe purpose of removing impurities with water is because water has an additional attribute that is not found in other things.
According to Shafis, removing by water is an act of worship. Water doesnt do away with impurity in a rationally satisfying way and hence removal is assigned legal recognition.
SubIssue: Removal of impurities with bones and dung for istinja
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
Imam MalikIt is prohibited but its permissible with other things that can clean thought esteemed eatable things like bread are exempted from this.The prohibition of cleaning with dung and bone in the hadith of Salman (RA), indicated the invalidity of the thing itself
Others:
ZahiriesOnly with stones allowedThe prohibition of cleaning with dung and bone in the hadith of Salman (RA), can be abomination and doesnt invalidate istinja since uncleanliness has a rational meaning.
Some scholarsIts permitted with bones but not dungDung is unclean
Evidences :Hadith of Umm Salama, Hadith of Companion ?, 3 - Sahih Muslim [# 504] [Hide/Show]
Last Updated:2010-06-19

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