Time of forming the intention
Time of forming the intention


The book of Fasting - كتاب الصيام


The (Integral) Elements (Arkan) of Fast

Topic/Issue:3009 - Time of forming the intention --
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
Imam MalikFasting is not valid except by an intention formed before the break of the dawn, and this applies to all kinds of fastingUsed the method of preference and relied on the tradition of Hafsa
Imam ShafiIntention formed after dawn is valid for supererogatory fasting, but it is not in obligatory fasts.Using method of reconciliation, made a distinction between supererogatory and obligatory fast. They constructed the tradition of Hafsa as implying obligation and tradition of Aisha and of Muawiya as implying supererogatory fast
Imam Abu HanifaIntention formed after dawn is sufficient for all kinds of fasting whose obligation is linked to a particular time, like those of Ramadan, those linked to specific days, and also those that are supererogatory, but it is not for the fasts that exist as a liability.Imam Abu Hanifa made a distinction between universal obligation and an obligation that is a liability, as the universal obligation has a determined time that takes the place of intention for specification, while the fast that is a liability has no fixed time; thus, he made it obligatory that it be specified with an intention.
Evidences :Hadith of Hafsa, 2 - Sahih Muslim [# 2574], 3 - Sahih Muslim [# 2515] [Hide/Show]
Tags :Worship, Fasting, Arkan, abstinence, Intention, Before Dawn, After Dawn
See Also:Non food Items
Last Updated:2011-02-13

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