Is expiation obligatory for intentionally breaking the fast by eating or drinking?
Is expiation obligatory for intentionally breaking the fast by eating or drinking?

Book:

The book of Fasting - كتاب الصيام

Chapter:

Breaking the Fast and Not Fasting and the Ahkam

Section:Violations of the Fast
Topic/Issue:3031 - Is expiation obligatory for intentionally breaking the fast by eating or drinking? --
Opinions:
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
Imam Malik,Imam Abu HanifaThe person who intentionally breaks his fast by eating or drinking is liable to qada and expiation Using the analogy with the person breaking the fast through sexual intercourse. They maintained that they have a common basis, which is the violation of the sanctity of the fast, so the hukm shouki be the same for them both.
Imam Shafi,Imam AhmadLiability for expiation arises in the case of breaking the fast through sexual intercourse alone. They maintained that though expiation is a punishment for the violation of sanctity, it is more suitable by its intensity for the person breaking the fast through sexual intercourse as compared to others, and (thus, they said that) because the purpose of punishment is deterrence a greater punishment is laid down for the act for which there is a more powerful desire. This enhanced form of expiation, they said, is therefore specific to sexual intercourse.
The report by Malik in al-AluaialliP, that a person broke his fast during Ramadan and the Prophet (God’s peace and blessings be upon him) ordered him to make the listed expiation, is not persuasive as the statement of the narrator that the person "broke his fast" is mujmal (unelaborated), and the mujmal does not have a general implication that can be adopted
Tags :Worship, Fasting, Breaking Fast, Violations,Expiation, Breaking Fast, Eating, Drinking, Intentional
References:1[pg:352]
Last Updated:2011-02-21

<< Back to List of Issues
Please Help Us Spread the Word. Press LIKE.