Water Mixed with Impurities without a change in its attributes
Water Mixed with Impurities without a change in its attributes

Book:

The Book of Ritual Purification (Tahara) - كتاب الطهارة من الحدث.

Chapter:

The Kinds of Water Used

Topic/Issue:31 - Water Mixed with Impurities without a change in its attributes -- الماء إذا خالطته نجاسة ولم تغير أحد أوصافه
Opinions:
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
One opinion from Imam MalikWater is pure irrespective of large or small quantitiesThe hadith of Anas implies that a minor quantity doesn't defile a small quantity of water, as it is obvious that this spot became clean with a pitcher of water. Also the hadith of Abu Said Al-Khudri
From the narrations from Abu Huraira, the fact that the water had come unusable does not mean that it had become impute
Imam Abu HanifaIf there is little of it, it is impure and if there is much of it, it is not. A large quantity of water is that in which a ripple caused by a person at one end does not reach the other side.Hadith of Abu Huraira and his Hadith in the Shaheeh Muslim seem to imply that small amount of impurity defiles a small amount of water.

Reconciliation: hadith of Abu Said Al-Khudri applies to large quantity while that of Abu Huraira applies to small quantity.

Abu Hanifah connected the spreading of impurities in the water with the movement of water. IF quantity of water is so much that impurity cant be conceive to move throughout it by a stir caused in the water then the water is pure.
Imam ShafiLittle amount is impure. If its more than two qullahs(roughly 500 pound), it is notReconciled between the narrations using hadith of Ibn Umar
another opinion from Imam MalikIF water quantity is small, its use is reprenhensibleThe Hadith of Abu Huraira shows undesirability while the hadith of Anas and hadith of Abu Said Al-Khudri shows validity of use of water
Disagreement
Reasons:
  1. The water is pure irrespective of large or small quantities (the majority)
  2. If it is little, then it becomes impure (ash-Shafi’ee)

Reason for Disagreement

  • Conflict of the apparent meaning of the traditions. The Prophet mentioned when water reaches two qullas (60 gallons), it can’t be made impure, so the implied meaning is less than that less than that can be made impure. Other scholars said no, it can also imply that while less can become impure, it can still be pure so long as the color, taste, or smell does not change.
Evidences :1 - Sahih Bukhari [# 164], 2 - Sahih Muslim [# 554], 3 - Sahih Bukhari [# 219], 4 - Sunan Abi Dawud [# 66], Hadith of Abd Allah ibn Umar [Hide/Show]
Tags :Worship,Purification, Tahara, Wudu', Ablution, Water, Impurity
See Also:Purification with Water
References:1[pg:21-24] [Hide/Show]
Last Updated:2011-07-03

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