The Book of Hajj - كتاب الحج.
Discussion of the Person Prevented
|Section:||Person who relinquishes the throwing of pebbles|
|Topic/Issue:||3601 - Hukum of the person prevented due to disease or by the enemy. -- |
|Imam Shafi||In the verse, the person prevented means the person besieged by the enemy. ||They argued on the basis of the words of the Exalted in 2:196, "And whoever among you is
sick dr hath an ailment of the head must pay a ransom of fasting or alsmgiving
or offering ". They asserted that if (in the first case) he was prevented by
disease, what was the point of mentioning disease once again?
They said that the fourth and the
first forms of the verb, while they share the root meaning, convey separate
shades of meaning. The first form is used when one does something to
another, while the fourth form is employed to convey the idea of being
exposed to suffer that action. Hence the first
form hasara is more suitable for sickness, as the enemy is merely the cause of
the confinement while disease is the direct actor in prevention.
The word "amn" (safety) is never used except for the absence of fear of the enemy and when it is used in the case of disease it is a figurative application, but figurative use is not to be resorted to except for something that
necessitates the departure from the literal application.
|Imam Malik,Imam Abu Hanifa||In the verse, it is the person prevented by disease||They argued that al-muhsar is the passive participle of the
fourth form, that is, "to be obstructed by illness ", and this form by itself is not used (in Arabic) to denote one besieged by the enemy. What may be used in
case of prevention by the enemy is the first form of the verb "basara "
They said that disease
has been mentioned again in the verse as disease is of two types: disease that
prevents and disease that does not prevent. They added that the meaning of
the words of the Exalted, "And if ye are in safety ", is safety from disease
|Evidences :||1 - Quran [2:196] [Hide/Show]|
|Tags :||Worship,Ihram,Hajj, Prevent, Disease, Enemy|
|Last Updated:||2011-06-19 |
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