Identification of the Hukm


The book of JIhad - كتاب الجهاد


Elements (Arkan) of War

Topic/Issue:3701 - Identification of the Hukm
Agreement:The jurists agreed unanimously that it is a collective and not a universal obligation. They base this on the verse 9:122 and 4:95. Further, the Prophet (God's peace and blessings be upon him) never went out to battle unless he had left some of the people behind.

The activity is obligatory on men, who are free, have attained puberty, who find the means (at their disposal) for going to war, are of sound health, and are neither ill nor suffer from a chronic disease. There is no dispute about this because of the words of the Exalted, "There is no blame for the blind, nor is there blame for the lame, nor is there blame for the sick" (48:17) and His words, "Not unto the weak nor unto the sick nor those who can find naught to spend is any fault (to be imputed though they stay at home) " (9:91)

The jurists in general agreed that a condition for this obligation is the permission of parents, except when it becomes a universal obligation; for example, when there are not enough people to carry out the obligation unless all (present) undertake it. The basis för this is the established tradition which relates that "A person said to the Messenger of Allah (God's peace and blessings be upon him), `I wish to participate in the jihad'. He asked, `Are your parents alive ?' The man said, Yes'. He said, `Then struggle in their cause ".
Tags :Worship,Jihad, Hukum, Collective Obligation, Parents, Sick, Obligation
Last Updated:2011-07-03

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