Elements: Rinsing the Mouth (madmada) and Snuffing Water (istinshaaq)
Elements: Rinsing the Mouth (madmada) and Snuffing Water (istinshaaq)

Book:

The Book of Ritual Purification (Tahara) - كتاب الطهارة من الحدث.

Chapter:

Acts of Wudu'

Topic/Issue:6 - Elements: Rinsing the Mouth (madmada) and Snuffing Water (istinshaaq) -- المضمضة والاستنشاق في الوضوء
Opinions:
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
Imam Abu Hanifa,Imam Shafi,Imam MalikSunnah Mu'akkada / emphatic recommendationThe ayah 5:6 had already enumerated all elements of the prayer, and to therefore say these ahadeeth (such as that of Abdullah b. Zaid contained more obligations would be a contradiction of that, so the statement in the imperative was shifted to a recommendation rather than obligation
Imam AhmadWaajib /ObligatoryHadith of Abdullah b. Zaid is an addition to the obligations mentioned in 5:6.
They did not consider this addition a contradiction to ayah 5:6.
Others:
Ibn Abi Layla, some disciples of Abu DawudWaajib /ObligatorySee evidence for first opinion
Abu Thawr, Abu 'Ubayda, and some ZahiritesIstinshaq is obligatory, Madmadah is sunnahSince the act of Istinshaq is mentioned explicitly in the hadith of Abu Huraira while Madmadah is only described in the act of the prophet, therefore the saying takes precedence over the act.
Disagreement
Reasons:

The scholars have multiple opinions on this issue due to the following narration:

  • The Prophet said, “When one of you performs wudu’, let him snuff up water into his nose and then let it out, while he who performs istinjaa’ (with stones) let him do it an odd number of times.” {1,2}

3 Opinions:

  1. Sunnah Mu’akkada / emphatic recommendation: Maalik, Shafi’ee, and Abu Hanifa
  2. Waajib /Obligatory: Ahmad, Ibn Abi Layla, some Dhaahiris.
  3. Istinshaq is obligatory, madmadah is sunnah: Abu Thawr, Abu ‘Ubayda, and some Dhaahiris

Reason for Disagreement

As with before, we have 2 groups, one for obligation, and one for recommendation:

  1. Sunnah / Recommended: Those who held both acts to be recommended did so because they felt that ayah 5:6 had already enumerated all elements of the prayer, and to therefore say these ahadeeth contained more obligations would be a contradiction of that, so the statement in the imperative was shifted to a recommendation rather than obligation.
  2. Obligatory: The other group of scholars saw no contradiction stuck with the apparent meaning of the hadeeth, so they kept it an obligation. However, there is disagreement among them about madmadah due to their understanding of the legislative strength of the Prophet’s actions (in the absence of a statement to corroborate the action):
    • Madmadah is obligatory: Those who considered the Prophets sayings and actions equal in legislative strength made madmadah obligatory.
    • Madmadah is sunnah: Those who considered the Prophet’s acts recommended / sunnah in the absence of a report of a direct command (as is the case with madmadah) considered it to be a recommendation.
Evidences :1 - Quran [5:6], 2 - Sahih Bukhari [# 163], 3 - Sahih Muslim [# 457] [Hide/Show]
Tags :Worship,Purification, Tahara, Wudu', Rinsing, Snuffing
See Also:The Acts of Ablution
References:1[pg:5-6] [Hide/Show]
Last Updated:2011-07-03

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