Defining the Area of the Face to be Washed
Defining the Area of the Face to be Washed

Book:

The Book of Ritual Purification (Tahara) - كتاب الطهارة من الحدث.

Chapter:

Acts of Wudu'

Topic/Issue:7 - Defining the Area of the Face to be Washed -- غسل الوجه
Agreement:The Jurists agreed washing the whole face was required due to ayah 5:6 in which it’s stated:
  • O you who believe, when you rise for prayer, washes your faces…” [5:6]
SubIssue: The beard – does water have to flow over the full length of it?
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
MalikiYesBeard is part of face
Hanafi and ShafiNoThe full beard is not part of face
SubIssue: The beard – should takhleel (insertion of fingers through beard) take place
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
Hanafi, Malik and ShafiNoNarrated traditions containing the command for takhil of the beard are not obligatory
Others:
Ibn Abd al-Hakam (Maliki)Yes
SubIssue: The hairless part of the face between the beard and ears – should it be washed?
Opinion FromOpinionExplanation
Hanafi and ShafiYesPortion between beard and ear is part of face
Maliki (Well known opinion)NoPortion between beard and ear is not part of face
Disagreement
Reasons:

They disagreed on what is included as part of the face. Specifically, there are 3 areas they disagreed on:

  1. The hairless part of the face between the beard and ears – should it be washed?

    • Maalikis: Well-known opinion is no, though some say yes. They also distinguish between a clean-shaven person vs a bearded person.
    • Abu Hanifa and ash-Shafi’ee: Yes
  2. The beard – does water have to flow over the full length of it?
    • Maalik: Yes
    • Abu Hanifa and ash-Shafi’ee: No
  3. The beard – should takhleel (insertion of fingers through beard) take place
    • Abu Hanifa, Maalik, and ash-Shafi’ee: No
    • Ibn ‘Abd al-Hakam: A maaliki, yes

Reason for Disagreement

  • On point #1 and point #2, there is disagreement of what is part of the face or not.
  • On point #3, they disagree on the authenticity of the narrations related to takhlil (insertion)
Evidences :1 - Quran [5:6] [Hide/Show]
Tags :Worship,Purification, Tahara, Wudu', Face, Takhlil, Beard
See Also:The Acts of Ablution
References:1[pg:6] [Hide/Show]
Last Updated:2010-03-15

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